SMACO Safety Guidelines and User Manual

WARNING

Improper use can result in serious injury or death. Underwater injuries can include: Barotrauma, Decompression Sickness (DCS), Shallow water blackout, Oxygen Toxicity, Arterial Gas Embolism (AGE), Lung Overexpansion, Nitrogen Narcosis & more.

Smaco mini scuba tanks are intended for shallow water exploration only (MAX 10M).

USER MANUAL & SAFETY GUIDELINES

As with any activity, there are inherent risks, which is why we are dedicated to providing our clients with a safe and unparalleled experience. The usage of our equipment is subject to strict guidelines outlined in a user manual which can be found here:

Selecting our brand means you now have the freedom to explore the depths with gear made in collaboration with both novice and seasoned divers. Prior to utilizing any of our products, it's crucial to fully read and comprehend the instructions provided. Ensure the equipment is always being used as outlined in the guide, regardless of the user. Our company cannot be held liable for any accidents resulting from failure to follow the instructions provided. Our gear is intended for use in both ocean and swimming pools. Utilizing it in other environments may cause deterioration. Our company reserves the right to improve or change the manual without notice. It's important to be aware of the most recent version while using the product. Be sure to keep the user manual for the entire lifespan of the product. You can also find the latest version on our website at www.smacodive.com. This guide features "WARNINGS" at the end of certain sections to emphasize important information to avoid any potential hazards.

Mandatory adherence to the following protocols:

  • Maintain a consistent respiratory flow at all times. NEVER HOLD YOUR BREATH.
  • Never ascend to the surface at a pace faster than air bubble release.
  •  Restrict diving activities to shallow depths.
  • Regularly monitor pressure gauge.
  • Refrain from utilizing equipment without proper understanding of potential hazards.
  •  After using any Smaco mini scuba tanks, allow a 24-hour window before flying.

Index of content


1. Kit contents

2. Cautionary statements

3. Product overview

4. Technical specifications

5. General usage guidelines

5.1 Pre use precautions

5.2 During use precautions

5.3 Post use safety precautions

6. Refilling compressed air

6.1 High-pressure pump

6.2 Air Compressor

7. Potential hazards

8. Safekeeping and storage

9. Upkeep and maintenance

10. Warranty information

11. Standards and regulations

12. Recommended and prohibited actions while diving.

1. Kit Contents:

Depending on the package and available options, the contents, features, and instructions may vary.

  • 1x Cylinder Tank
  • 1x Head regulator (with mouthpiece and pressure gauge)
  • 1x Refill adapter (if you choose this option)
  • 1x Hand pump (if you choose this option)
  • 1x 12-110/220 V Compressor (if you choose this option)
  • 1x Manual & safety instructions

There are other portable backpacks/masks available depending on the package you choose.


2. Cautionary Statements:

It is strongly recommended that users adhere to the basic safety guidelines established by authorized organizations for scuba diving:


• Operating the equipment without proper knowledge of safety protocols poses a
risk to the user.
• The Smaco should not be used with an air supply from the surface.
• Users are prohibited from making any adjustments or modifications to the
equipment except for those specifically designated for user-adjustment.
• Using Lung components, such as the hand pump or compressor, with any other device voids the equipment's warranty and may pose a danger to the user.
• The minimum age for operating any Lung equipment is 18 years old.
• Avoid applying lubricants to any equipment components as it can cause damage to the equipment and compromise the integrity of the seals.
• Always ensure to read the pressure unit (bar or PSI) correctly on the pressure
gauge.
• Using Smaco mini scuba equipment at depths greater than 10 m (32 ft) is prohibited.

3. Products:

https://smacosports.com/collections/mini-scuba-tank

4. Technical Specifications:

SMACO Mini Scuba Tanks:

S300Plus

  • Air Volume: 0.5L
  • Tank Weight: 1.1KG
  • Gas Capacity: 3.0 CU FT / 85 L
  • Dimensions: L: 36.3cm x W: 6cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

S500

  • Air Volume: 0.7L
  • Tank Weight: 1.55KG
  • Dimensions: L: 37.8cm x W: 7cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

S400

  • Air Volume: 1L
  • Tank Weight: 2.33KG
  • Dimensions: L: 36cm x W: 8.9cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

S400Plus

  • Air Volume: 1L
  • Tank Weight: 2.072KG
  • Dimensions: L: 36cm x W: 8.9cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

S400Pro

  • Air Volume: 1L
  • Tank Weight: 2.14KG
  • Dimensions: L: 36cm x W: 8.9cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

S700

  • Air Volume: 1.9L/2L
  • Tank Weight: 3.61KG
  • Dimensions: L: 42.9cm x W: 8.9cm
  • Max Pressure: 3000PSI / 200 BAR

Refill Adapter:

• Max Pressure: 300BAR / 4500 PSI
• Dimensions: 13.5cm x 2cm
• Weight 0.25KG


Lung Hand Pump:

• Max Pressure: 300BAR / 4500 PSI

• Dimensions: 63cm x 18cm

• Weight 2KG


Compressor:

• Max Pressure: 4500 PSI / 300 BAR

• Voltage: 12V DC or 110V/220V AC

• Inflating Rate: 2700 R/MIN

• 9.5*5.6*10 in

5. General Usage Guidelines:

  • Always use the SMACO with care.
  • When not in use, purge air from head regulator.
  • Excessive stress on the membrane can cause excessive air expulsion, block the mouthpiece to stop this.
  • Keep sand and other debris away from the Lung, hand pump, and 12 V compressor.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Test the tank thoroughly before first use to get a feel for it.
  • In case of leaks or suspected malfunction, stay clear of the equipment, close the valve, refer to these instructions and contact your dealer if necessary.

5.1. Pre use precautions:

  • To ensure safe use of the equipment, it is important for the user to be in good health and consult a health specialist if necessary.
  • Before diving or filling the equipment, visually inspect it to ensure that the head regulator is properly secured.
  • Perform 2-3 inhale/exhale cycles as a test before entering the water to verify proper function.
  • Do not rotate any elements after pressurizing, except as directed by the
    instructions.
  • Always monitor pressure gauge.

5.2. During use precautions:

  • To ensure safe use of the equipment, always maintain a continuous breathing pattern.
  • Use the SMACO mini scuba tank in water above 50°F (10°C). The equipment should only be used by one person at a time, and the maximum depth is 10m (32ft).
  • Regularly check the remaining pressure in the tank using the pressure gauge. If the remaining pressure is equal to or less than 50 bar (725 PSI) (red zone on the pressure gauge), the user MUST return and stay at the surface.
  • If there is a leak from the Lung, slowly return to the surface and stop using the equipment.
  • WARNING: Never ascend faster than the air bubbles, stop the dive if you experience discomfort in your ears or sinuses, do not dive if you have a cold.
  • Never hold your breath during descent or ascent.
  • Do not submerge the SMACO when it is not pressurized.

5.3. Post use precautions:

  • Release the pressure from the head regulator by pressing the membrane.
  • Rinse the equipment with clean water.
  • Allow the equipment to dry completely.
  • WARNING: Do not clean the equipment using aerosols or solvents. When cleaning the head regulator, be gentle as a strong jet of water through the mouthpiece can damage the internal membrane.

6. Refilling compressed air:

  • The individual responsible for refilling the tank is accountable for the quality of the compressed air.
  • When refilling the tank, if there is a discrepancy between the pressure in the refilling tank and the pressure gauge of the tank being refilled, use the higher value.
  • WARNING: The Tank should not be refilled with a pressure exceeding 200 bar (3000 psi). It is the responsibility of the person refilling the tank to ensure that this limit is not exceeded.

6.1 High pressure pump:

To refill the Tank with the Hand pump, please follow these instructions:

  1. Connect the pump's female clip to the male clip of the head regulator by ensuring a secure "click" connection.
  2. Pump until reaching the desired pressure.
  3. Open the pump valve to release the pressure, enabling you to remove the clip from the Tank.

 

  • It is advised not to use the pump for more than 5 minutes continuously, as a cooling period is necessary.Between each pumping cycle, you can release pressure from the pump to allow it to cool (keep the tank connected).
  • The optimum pumping cycle is 2 minutes 30 seconds of pumping, followed by a short pause, then pumping again.
  • Only use high pressure manual pumps sold by SMACO that are compatible with SMACO.
  • Do not leave the pump connected under pressure when not in use.
  • Always ensure the pressure gauge of the hand pump matches that of the SMACO cylinder pressure gauge.
  • Make sure that no dust, water traces or other foreign elements are present in the clips when the protections are removed.
  • Incorrect orientation of the male clip in the female clip can cause a micro-leak. In this case, reposition the clip so that the weight of the tank does not put stress on the clip.
  • Change the filters inside the cartridge after 5 full fillings of the tank - foam filters and carbon balls are already supplied with the pump.

6.2 Air compressor:

To connect the 12 V compressor to the Tank:

  • Connect the wires from the battery or inverter to the compressor.
  • Connect the high-pressure hose to the compressor by attaching the female clip of the hose to the male clip of the compressor, ensuring a secure "click" connection.
  • Attach the female clip of the cartridge to the male clip of the head regulator, ensuring a secure "click" connection.
  • Fully screw in the brass decompression valve.
  • Turn on the fans by pressing the fan switch (verify that the fans are working).
  • Turn on the compressor by pressing the power switch.
  • Compare the pressure of the compressor with the one of the Lung regularly.
  • Monitor the temperature display, the temperature should not exceed 85°C (185°F).
  • Allow the compressor to run until the desired pressure is reached (maximum 200 bar/3000 psi).
  • Unscrew the brass decompression valve to release the pressure from the hose.
  • Disconnect the tank from the cartridge by releasing the female clip.
  • Replace the filters inside the cartridge with a new mix of molecular sieve and active coal.
  • WARNING: Take a break during filling if the temperature becomes too high.

7. Potential Hazards:

  • Failing to adhere to basic scuba diving guidelines can result in the risk of drowning or physical harm that may lead to death.
  • In the case of an impact, the equipment may become damaged that is not visually noticeable. If there is any doubt, have your equipment inspected by a professional.
  • It is strictly prohibited to alter or modify any part of the Smaco equipment.
  • Do not mix parts of the Smaco with other diving equipment or vice versa.
  • Do not allow water to enter the equipment.

8. Safekeeping and storage:

  • After drying, keep the products in a clean and sealed container or bag. Store them inva dry, well-ventilated area where they are protected from light and in a temperature range between 41°F and 95°F.
  • Keep the valve closed during storage and ensure that the top compartment is not under pressure.
  • Avoid storing the products near gasoline, oils or other chemicals, or in a dusty or sandy environment.
  • The Tank should be without any constraint, tank should be in a vertical position, valve to the top. During storage, detach the first stage regulator from the valve and cover the output with the provided cap.

9. Upkeep and maintenance:

  • Proper functioning and preservation of your equipment does not solely rely on how often it is used. Even when not in use, poor storage can cause significant damage to the device.
  • Have your Smaco equipment regularly inspected by a professional, with an annual inspection being recommended.
  • It is compulsory to replace the hand pump filters every 5 refills. It may become harder to pump after a certain number of refills, in this case, apply small quantities of silicon grease on the metallic tube of the pump.
  • It is recommended to replace any defective parts with original ones. If breathing is difficult, remove the membrane by unscrewing it from the head regulator and adjust the sensitivity by tightening the small screw located under the white bar.
  • Do not attempt to fix your equipment other than by following the instructions in this manual.
  • Remember that your safety and the proper functioning of your equipment depend on its maintenance.
  • For the upkeep of your regulators and tanks, consult a diving center.

10. Warranty information:

  • The equipment is covered by a one-year warranty starting from the date of purchase.
  • The warranty is valid only for the original owner of the equipment.
  • The warranty only applies to "defective" pieces resulting from a manufacturing error.
  • Failure to properly maintain the equipment can void the warranty.
  • The warranty does not cover damage caused by improper use or carelessness as outlined in this manual.
  • The warranty does not cover normal wear and tear or the recommended periodic inspections.
  • The warranty will be voided if the equipment has been disassembled in a manner other than as described in this guide.
  • If a qualified person modifies the product, they assume responsibility for any repairs or changes made to the product.
  • The warranty covers repair or replacement of a piece by Smaco, but the buyer is responsible for freight and packing costs.
  • Replaced pieces are the property of Smaco and do not extend the warranty.
  • The liability resulting from the sale is limited to the warranty described above and does not include the possibility of penalties, damages, or interest.
  • The warranty terms are subject to change by territory and an update may be necessary.
  • Any modification of the product invalidates the warranty and may pose a risk during use.
  • Do not intermix parts with other equipment or your warranty will be voided.
  • To take advantage of the warranty, please contact your dealer.
  • IN NO EVENT SHALL LUNG BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
  • By purchasing this product, it is agreed and understood that in no event will SMACO, its distributors, or retailers, be held liable for any personal injuries resulting from operation of the SMACO, or for any other damages whether direct, indirect, incidental, or consequential even if SMACO has been advised of such damages.
  • This Warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or allow limitations on the duration of an implied warranty, so the above exclusions may not apply to you.

11. Standards and regulations:

  • The tank and head regulator have been certified by CE. The compressor is also CE/DOT certified. Additional regulations or standards may apply in specific areas, including some within the European Union,and USA.

13. Recommended and prohibited actions while diving:

Failing to follow these instructions can expose you to dangers that can have serious consequences for your health.

Introduction

  • Scuba diving is a risky activity if done without knowledge of safety rules. This document provides the main tips to follow and avoid making your dives an enjoyablevleisure time. Other tips may be provided by qualified diving instructors.

Safety Rules & Basic Advice

  • Prior to diving, it is highly advisable to consult with a doctor to assess your fitness to dive. If you have a history of cardiovascular disease, asthma, diabetes, heart disease, or vascular issues, ENT diseases, epilepsy, or other neurological disorders, scuba diving is strongly discouraged. The same applies to temporary conditions such as colds, sinusitis, bronchitis, infections in the nose, throat, ears (otitis), or teeth (caries). Other factors that should cause you to avoid scuba diving include peptic ulcer disease, retinal detachment, glaucoma, enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), or pregnancy.
  • Do not fly or travel to high altitudes on the same day as diving.
  • Throughout the dive, adopt a continuous breathing pattern and regularly check your pressure gauge.
  • Do not use earplugs as they prevent pressure equalization. Dive only if you feel good and hydrate yourself before and after the dive to avoid drying out the mucous membranes due to cool and dry air.

The Descent

  • The descent (even shallow) leads to an increase in ambient pressure. To maintain equal pressure between you and the environment, you must perform the Valsalva maneuver. This involves blowing (slowly) while pinching your nose and keeping your mouth closed. By performing this operation, you avoid the main risk during the descent: barotrauma, which mainly affects the eardrums and sinuses. If you are unable to perform this procedure correctly, do not go deeper and ascend slowly to the surface.

The Ascent

  • During the ascent, it's important to perform the Toynbee maneuver by pinching your nose and swallowing (swallowing saliva).
  • Pulmonary overpressure accidents are one of the most serious dive accidents, and occur when a diver stops breathing during an ascent. To avoid this, it's crucial to maintain a flexible and continuous breathing pattern. The diver's ascent speed should not be faster than the small air bubbles.
  • For experienced users and graduates of an accredited center, the ascent from a significant depth may require decompression, depending on the dive time and depth reached. The goal is to remove the nitrogen accumulated in the body. If you ascend too quickly, the nitrogen will not be eliminated and gas bubbles can cause risks such as paralysis or thrombosis.
  • If you experience pain or discomfort during the ascent or descent, stop your progress and ascend slowly and gradually while controlling the pressure of your tank and breathing.

Physical Effort

  • Avoid making unnecessary efforts before, during, and after the dive and avoid apnea before and after the dive.
  • Do not attempt to exceed your limits, as the Smaco equipment is not designed for performance.
  • Manage your breathing and if you experience shortness of breath, ascend slowly and gradually.

Adapting to the Dive Environment

  • When underwater, it is important to only touch elements that you are familiar with and that are safe to touch.
  • Adapt your dive to the environment and be aware that poor visibility can be a stressful factor.
  • Stress can often lead to accidents, so it's important to manage stress to ensure a safe dive.
  • Properly equip yourself for the dive environment by choosing a suitable mask, flippers and consider carrying an emergency buoy.
  • Cold water can also be a stress factor, so it's important to wear suitable wetsuits or dry suits to reduce potential problems such as breathlessness.
  • Avoid diving in rough or choppy waters and make sure to check the current and weather forecast before diving.

For more information about dive and snorkeling safety, please visit:
https://www.royallifesaving.com.au/stay-safe-active/activities/diving-and-snorkelling